How to Conjugate Korean Verbs: Informal

The informal is the basic. Knowing it will help you make all the other forms. However, do note that you can only use it when you’re talking to a close friend or somebody significantly younger than you!

To make the informal, first find the vowel closest to the -다 in the dictionary form. For example, if we look up the word laugh in the dictionary (or our handy cell phones dictionaries) we would find 웃다, where ㅜ is the vowel closest to -다. Second, drop the -다. Now you have the base, in this case 웃-. Now to make the informal, add a new vowel ending. The vowel you use will depend on what vowel is closest to the end of the verb base. Use this chart as a reference to find the correct ending to add at this point to make the informal. In our example, since the verb ends in a consonant and the closest vowel to the end of the verb base is ㅜ, we will add 어 and end up with the informal, 웃어. Try putting some of the verbs you know into the informal form. If you have questions, just leave them in the comments section and I or somebody else will try to answer them. Take a look at the chart for a simple(ish) glance at how to do it.

Informal Verbs

Vowel closest to -다 What to add English meaning Dictionary form Base Informal form
If the verb ends in a consonant after dropping -다 receive; get 받다 받- 받아
be good 좋다 좋- 좋아
take off [clothes] 벗다 벗- 벗어
die 죽다 죽- 죽어
be late 늦다 늦- 늦어
wear [on feet] 신다 신- 신어
If the verb ends in a vowel after dropping -다 nothing go 가다 가-
nothing pay 내다 내-
see 보다 보-
nothing stand 서다
change ㅡ to ㅓ write 쓰다 쓰-
change ㅣ to ㅕ wait [for] 기다리다 기다리- 기다려
rest; relax 쉬다 쉬- 쉬어

Go back to: Learn Korean Verbs
Go back to: Learn Korean

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11 responses to “How to Conjugate Korean Verbs: Informal

  1. thank you so much for making this site. it has been
    very helpful!

    Like

  2. OH! My savior!

    Like

  3. why does babbeuda change to babbayo?

    Like

  4. Please, I would like to know what dropping “da” means

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    • The “da” is what makes the verb an infinitive (like “to” in English), so it must dropped to conjugate the verb. It’s done in English as well, for example: “He asks” not, “He to asks.” If you leave the “da” it’s like leaving the “to.” I assume you found the answer since you asked this three years ago, but just in case.

      Like

  5. is it the vowel closet to the next in the hangul order

    Like

  6. This is so helpful! Thank you for taking the time to do this! Amazing!

    Like

  7. Why isn’t there ㅑ or ㅕ on this table? Can you add those in please.

    Like

  8. Looks like verbs ending in ㅜ were left out. From what I can gather elsewhere, it looks like you add 어. Is that correct? So 주다 becomes 줘?

    Like

  9. So 마시다 becomes 마시여/ 마시여요? Just sounds a little funny to me.

    Like

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